My patio is full of plants, and more are on the way. It’s a sure sign of two things: First, a new garden is underway, and second, I am, predictably, quite behind. I always have an excuse for this, but I feel like this year it’s more legitimate than usual. We had a rather significant flood that unfortunately happened one week after we had done all the bed prep for the new garden.

We’re still going back to undo some of that damage, and honestly it could have been so much worse, so we’re very fortunate that it wasn’t. Oddly, I’m not nearly as frantic about how behind I am than I usually would be. Could I actually be getting more patient? Unlikely, frankly.

This pause, however, does give me an opportunity to tell you a little bit about the plants and the plan for this area.

The finished garden area is somewhere around 3,400 square feet. It’s massive. I don’t know that I’ll be able to plant that all this year, but I’d guess that I’ll do at least 75 percent of it. The sheer number of plant varieties going into this garden seems excessive. It may be. But it’s also an enormous area that I think can carry this number of plants. 

The design concept might be called dynamic naturalistic, but I don’t think it’s quite that. Perhaps it’s my take on that style. Here’s how I think of it: large swaths of plants and plant matrixes (i.e. typically two varieties planted together to sort of become one) that trickle into one another as though someone knocked the game board table. I don’t want clear definition where one plant starts and another begins, rather an intermingled border. Make sense? If it doesn’t, that’s OK, because I’m not quite sure how that will work until I get in there and start planting.

Without further ado, let’s get to the plant list.

SUN GRASSES

  • Sporobolus heterolepis ‘Tara’ (prairie dropseed): Zone 3-9, 2-3′ tall and wide
  • Molinia litoralis ‘Transparent’ (moor grass): Zone 4-8, 2-6′ tall x 2-3′ wide
  • Andropogon gerardii ‘Blackhawks’ (big bluestem): Zone 3-9, 5′ tall x 2′ wide
  • Schizachyrium scoparium ‘Standing Ovation’ (little bluestem): Zone 3-8, 4′ tall x 1′ wide
  • Bouteloua gracilis ‘Honeycomb’ (blue grama): Zone 3-10, 30″ tall x 18″ wide

Sporobolus heterolepis ‘Tara’ Bluesone Perennials photo

Andropogon gerardii ‘Blackhawks’
Walters Gardens photo

transparent moor grass

Molinia ‘Transparent’ in Lurie Garden

 

SHADE GRASSES

  • Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’ (Japanese forest grass): Zone 5-9, 2-3′ tall x 1-2′ wide
  • Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge): Zone 3-8, 6-12″ tall and wide
  • Carex flauca ‘Blue Zinger’ (blue sedge): Zone 5-9, 12-18″ tall and wide

Hakonechloa macra ‘Aureola’
Walters Gardens photo

SUN PERENNIALS

  • Penstemon ‘Blackbeard’ (beardtongue): Zone 3-8, 30-36″ tall x 24″ wide
  • Alchemilla mollis ‘Thriller’ (lady’s mantle): Zone 3-7, 1-2′ tall and wide (also part shade)
  • Nepeta ‘Cat’s Pajamas’ (catmint): Zone 3-8, 12-14″ tall x 18-20″ wide
  • Veronicastrum virginicum ‘Queen of Diamonds’ (Culver’s root): Zone 3-8, 4′ tall x 2′ wide
  • Liatris spicata (blazing star): Zone 3-8, 2-4′ tall x 12-18″ wide
  • Salvia nemerosa ‘Caradonna’: Zone 4-8, 18-24″ tall x 18″ wide
  • Stachys x ‘Summer Crush’ (betony): Zone 4-9, 24″ tall x 18″ wide
  • Echinacea pallida (pale purple coneflower): Zone 3-10, 2-3′ tall x 12-18″ wide
  • Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed): Zone 3-9, 12-30″ tall x 12-18″ wide
  • Calamintha nepeta ‘Montrose White’ (calamint): Zone 5-9, 12-18″ tall and wide
  • Lobelia siphilitica (blue cardinal flower): Zone 4-9, 2-3′ tall x 12-18″ wide
  • Pycnanthemum muticum (blunt mountainmint): Zone 4-8, 1-3′ tall and wide
  • Sanguisorba hakusanensis ‘Lilac Squirrel’ (burnet): Zone 5-9, 24-30″ tall x 18″ wide

Alchemilla mollis

Nepeta Cat's Pajamas new

Nepeta ‘Cat’s Pajamas’
Walters Gardens photo

Salvia nemorosa ‘Caradonna’
Walters Gardens photo

calamintha nepeta montrose white

Calamintha ‘Montrose White’

Sanguisorba hakusanensis ‘Lilac Squirrel’
Plant Delights Nursery photo

PART SHADE TO SHADE PERENNIALS

  • Heucherella ‘Red Rover’: Zone 4-9, 8″ tall x 18″ wide
  • Actaea simplex / Cimicifuga racemosa ‘Brunette’ (bugbane): Zone 3-8, 3-4′ tall x 2-3′ wide
  • Aralia cordata ‘Sun King’ (Japanese spikenard): Zone 3-9, 30-36″ tall and wide
  • Astilbe chinensis ‘Visions’: Zone 4-9, 18″ tall and wide
  • Persicaria amplexicaulis ‘Golden Arrow’ (mountain fleece): Zone 4-7, 2-3′ tall and wide (also sun)
  • Athyrium niponicum ‘Crested Surf’ (Japanese painted fern): Zone 3-8, 20-22″ tall x 30″ wide
  • Geranium macrorrhizum ‘Bevan’s Variety’ (bigroot geranium): Zone 3-8, 12″ tall x 18-24″ wide
  • Thalictrum ‘Elin’ (meadow rue): Zone 4-9, 8′ tall x 2 ‘ wide

 

Aralia ‘Sun King’
Proven Winners photo

Astilbe chinensis ‘Visions’
Walters Gardens photo

Athyrium niponicum ‘Crested Surf’
Walters Gardens photo

BIENNIALS AND SELF-SEEDERS

  • Foeniculum vulgare (bronze fennel): 4′ tall (may be perennial)
  • Angelica gigas : 5-6′ tall x 18-24″ wide
  • Digitalis ferruginea (rusty foxglove): 3-5′ tall x 12-18″ wide

TREES AND SHRUBS

  • Cornus mas (cornelian cherry dogwood): Zone 4-8, 15-20′ tall and wide
  • Pinus strobus ‘Blue Shag’ (Eastern white pine): Zone 3-8, 4′ tall and wide in 10 years
  • Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Autumn Brillance’ (serviceberry): Zone 4-8, 15-25′ tall x 15′ wide

The list is a little light on trees and shrubs. Frankly I hadn’t intended that to be the case but the budget has been decimated and at some point I started to wonder if I needed them. It seemed like an easy way to stop spending for this year and I can always add them later. I wouldn’t mind a weeping katsura in there at some point. 

Generally speaking I was looking for deer resistance (hence why you don’t see any hostas), although I know a few of these may be tempting to them. I was also looking for generally low maintenance down the road. I don’t want to do a lot of deadheading or general minding. A big cut back after blooming for the salvia, nepeta and stachys seems reasonable to me.

I always planned to have goldenrod in the mix as well. However I have a lot of native goldenrod growing in this area and I thought that rather than fight it, only to buy a different goldenrod to replace it with, I would see where it wants to grow for a bit and decide if I can make that work. 

Spring bulbs, primarily daffodils and alliums, will be a big part of the plan in the future as well, but I’m happy to wait to get a feel for the space before I add those in, so that might be this fall, or maybe next year.

This is not a garden that will come together in one year, but there’s comfort in that when taking on a project this big.