Soil pollution is a primary environmental challenge that will only increase in the future. People are constantly looking for ways to correct the soil as more and more industrial sites contaminate it through spills and accidents. Tests show that heavy metals and oils are the main threat to our soil security. Surprisingly, landscape decisions can help remove pollutants at these locations through a process called phyotoremediation. Using selected plants at these locations can significantly improve the soil.
Plants can have a major impact on keeping the soil clean by reducing, trapping, or removing contaminants from the soil and water. This is the easiest way and a nature-based solution. No large machines or trial mixes necessary. Obvious locations for phytoremediation are on fallow land or landfills. Another location would be large population centers where pollution activity is difficult to monitor. Below are some options for phytoremediation that you can choose from.
- Hybrid poplar trees
- Indian grass
- Indian mustard
- Ornamental cabbage