It’s that time of year again. The dead of winter brings shorter days, the lowest temperatures of the year, along with snow, ice, and sleet. It can bring about driving conditions that are less than optimal, so salt is used to overcome the slippery hazards these wet and cold weather patterns bring. But this solution can wreak havoc on our lawns. Not to worry, your neighborhood lawn care pros at Spring-Green have all the tips you need to protect your lawns from the salt that helps keep the icy, snowy winter roads safer.

How to Save Your Lawn from Salt Damage

1. What Does Salt Damage Look Like: While the salt is saving the roads, sidewalks, and your driveway from slippery conditions, you may notice strips of brown grass along their edges when the snow begins to melt. The salt that breaks through the ice and snow is powerful enough to also dry out your lawn’s roots and result in dead patches. Although salt-damaged grass often rebounds when the snow melts and the spring rain starts to fall, this is not always the case. If not detected and treated, it can kill the grass forcing the home or business owner to repair the damaged area.

2. Protecting Your Lawn from Salt Damage: Prevention
is the best medicine, as the saying goes. Taking a few simple steps this winter
can help save your lawn from salt damage.

  • Burlap sacks – Grab some burlap sacks and
    cover the edges of your lawn before the time for salt application arrives. You
    can also find landscape fabric at your local nursery that can prevent the salt
    from ever coming in contact with your grass or soil.
  • Monitor your salt use – Often, we have a
    tendency to use more salt than we actually need. If at all possible, cutting
    back on the salt usage can help you avoid salt damage to your lawn.
  • Find a salt alternative – Salt is great
    for deicing but not so great for the health of our lawn. There are salt-alternatives
    available that might be worth considering. Creative homeowners have explored
    items such as sand, cat litter, vinegar, sugar beet juice, alfalfa meal, coffee
    grinds, and calcium chloride to accomplish their deicing needs.
  • Decorative borders – In addition to curb
    appeal, hardscaping efforts can protect your lawn from salt damage this winter.
    Who knew those eye-catching decorative borders could have a dual purpose?

3. Choosing the Right Salt: Deicers and salt aren’t
all created equal. The bargain options for salt deicing can contain harsh
chemicals that are prone to build up in the soil as well as cause damage to
hard surfaces such as concrete and decks. The more expensive types of salt are
often gentler and less corrosive. Here’s a quick breakdown of the common salt
deicer options:

  • Sodium Chloride – Commonly referred to as
    rock salt, this is the cheapest option yet the harshest.
  • Magnesium Chloride – The price tag might
    be higher on this type of salt for winter deicing, but it is gentler. It might,
    however, not be gentle enough for your most delicate plants and flowers.
  • Calcium Chloride – While safer than rock
    salt for preventing damage to your lawn, this component is harsher to concrete.
  • Potassium Chloride – This is a
    recommended type of deicing solution but does come with two caveats – It’s much
    more expensive and damaging salt buildup can occur over time.

4. How to Fix Salt Damage: If you see the signs of
salt damage in your landscaping, your first step should be to rinse your plants
and soil with water as soon as the temps go above freezing, and the snow
dissipates. Soak the affected grass for a two to three-day period to clear any
residual salt. Be careful using water from a spigot so as not to cause any
damage to your home’s plumbing. Monitor the temperatures and turn off the water
from inside your home as temperatures fall below freezing.

If the damage has been done, you may be able to use a
pelletized gypsum soil conditioner to reverse the damage caused by the effects
of salt. This solution can promote new growth and moisture retention. As soon
as you’re able, be sure to rake out as much of the dead grass as possible.

Anyone living in the northern areas of the country are
familiar with the use of salt along any busy roadway when the snow, ice, and
sleet of winter start to fall. The salt used by municipalities and homeowners to
battle icy conditions can have a negative and damaging impact to lawns. The
powerful salt solutions draw moisture from the grass and cause it to turn brown,
and if left untreated, can cause it to die. The good news is you have a lawn
care expert standing by to assist you no matter what salt-related damage your
lawn may be facing! The Spring-Green experts can help you save your lawn when possible, improve your beautiful grass
if needed, as well as provide expert consultation on how to prevent issues
before they happen.

Contact Your
Neighborhood Lawn Care Professional Today!